Glycolic Acid is a well-known alpha hydroxy acid derived from sugar cane and used in various skincare products.
This Acid is a type of chemical peel that accelerates skin cell turnover, increases collagen production and promotes moisture retention
Glycolic Acid can treat various skin conditions and cosmetic issues, including signs of ageing, acne, hyperpigmentation, and ingrown hairs.
Glycolic Acid is a share of the alpha hydroxy acid (AHA) family. It is the smallest in its category and has a slight molecular heaviness, allowing it to penetrate the skin better. The numerous benefits of glycolic Acid contain deep exfoliation, skin brightening, amplified moisture retention and skin cell turnover.
This Acid is available in various skincare goods, such as cleansers, toners, moisturizers, serums, and gels. These products help treat skin conditions, including acne, hyperpigmentation, and signs of ageing.
How Does Glycolic Acid Work?
Glycolic Acid offers several skin conditioning benefits. As a keratolytic, it can penetrate the skin’s surface layer to gently dissolve and loosen the bonds holding dead skin cells together. This exfoliating action reveals younger, smoother and fresher-looking skin.
The exfoliant accelerates the skin’s cell turnover, which boosts collagen production, a key component of thick, healthy skin. This action reduces fine lines and wrinkles and reduces or eliminates the appearance of dark spots and hyperpigmentation.
As a humectant, Glycolic Acid charms and retains moisture in the skin to lock in moisture that effectively strengthens the skin barrier and health.
Glycolic Acid significantly improves inflammatory acne (manifesting as papules, pustules, nodules and cysts) and non-inflammatory acne (blackheads and whiteheads) when used as an exfoliant.
Inflammatory acne lesions can be effectually treated and prevented with the antibacterial benefits of this Acid. It can slaughter Cutibacterium acnes (formerly Propionibacterium acnes), an identified precursor to the development of acne.
Glycolic Acid offers even more excellent benefits for non-inflammatory acne. Due to its ability to penetrate deep into the pores, it can dissolve oil buildup, dead skin cells, and debris that lead to the formation of blackheads and whiteheads. This property works both as a treatment and as a prevention.
While conventional acne medications are very effective in treating acne, they have one downside: they cause dehydrated skin. Glycolic Acid can counteract this adjacent effect due to its ability to attract and retain moisture; It also prevents the skin from exaggerating this dryness and producing excess sebum, which can trigger acne escapes.
In overall, glycolic Acid is safe for acne-prone skin. Do not syndicate glycolic Acid with retinol or benzoyl peroxide to avoid irritating or drying your skin. In addition, vitamin C can disturb the skin’s pH balance and should also avoid. That can lead to red, scaly, itchy and burning skin.
Collagen plays an essential role in skin health by providing structural support and, essentially, the scaffolding that gives skin suppleness, elasticity and firmness. With increasing age, this collagen production decreases, and the skin becomes weaker and more relaxed.
As an anti-ageing treatment, glycolic Acid can increase collagen stores and hydration to help prevent fine lines and wrinkles. In mature skin, it effectively treats photodamage by increasing collagen and hyaluronic Acid levels in the skin.
Ageing skin typically develops dark spots, age spots and rough skin tone due to harmful UVA and UVB rays. Glycolic Acid is very effective in reducing this hyperpigmentation and can be safely cohesive with other treatments for more dramatic results.
Glycolic Acid revitalizes the skin by fighting sun damage, reducing the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles, accelerating collagen production and retaining moisture to support the skin’s matrix.
Ingrown hairs can appear when hair follicles become clogged with dead skin, oil, and debris. That stops the inches from growing outward and forces them to grow sideways under the skin.
Due to the significant exfoliating and keratolytic properties of glycolic acids, regular use keeps pores open, and this skin disorder can be prohibited. It t treats existing ingrown hairs by softening the bonds of dead skin cells and removing buildup.
Glycolic Acid is ineffective for ingrown hairs resulting from hair exclusion practices such as waxing, shaving and hair removal by the pointed end of the hair shaft, which curves inward and penetrates the skin.
Treatment Of Keratosis Pilaris
Keratosis pilaris is a relatively mutual skin condition that results from a buildup of keratin, a protein that defends the skin from infection. Keratin plugs block the hair follicles, causing patches of minor red or flesh-coloured knocks on the arms and legs.
Glycolic Acid can effectually treat keratosis pilaris by relaxing and exfoliating these plugs and promoting skin cell turnover.
You can also cartel this Acid with salicylic acid merchandise, as it acts as an exfoliant.
Since both products can cause dryness, use a rich moisturizer after the treatment.
Glycolic Acid Products
Depending on your goals, you can choose from several over-the-counter skincare products or opt for professional treatments for more dramatic results.
OTC options are typically accessible in concentrations of up to 10%; professional treatments of up to 70%. To avoid excessive skin dryness and irritation, include only one glycolic acid product in your skincare regimen.
For best results, choose a product specifically designed for your skin type. Many also contain additional active ingredients for other benefits.
- Glycolic acid cleaners are available in different strengths; The strongest should be thought in reserve once or twice a week. Oily skin tolerates exfoliation better, but dry or sensitive skin may become annoyed if used more than once or twice a week. These cleansers remove dead cells and debris from the skin, reduce the appearance of lesions and maintain hydration levels.
- Toners are applied directly to the face after washing to unify the skin and eliminate any cleansing residue; This also allows for better penetration of other skincare products in your regimen. Toners are available in a range of dosages to target specific skin conditions, from 2% to 30%, to gently exfoliate, fade hyperpigmentation and reduce oiliness.
- Creams and gels provide powerful moisturizing benefits due to their ability to lock in moisture. They can use daily to hydrate the skin, reduce the presence of fine lines and wrinkles, and plump the skin.
Benefits Vs Side Effects
Glycolic Acid has been shown to treat various skin conditions and offers several benefits for rejuvenating and maintaining skin health. Apart from that, this Acid is associated with several mild side things.
Although it’s safe for sensitive skin, some people experience redness, irritation, and discomfort. Sometimes, skin dryness and peeling can occur even using a low-concentration creation.
As with all AHAs, glycolic Acid can kind your skin more delicate to ultraviolet rays and can cause photodamage when using the product. With this in mind, it is essential to use sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or higher when outdoors.
Side effects are more significant with a professional peel; the more profound the peel, the extra pronounced the side possessions. These contain redness, dryness, irritation, burning, throbbing and swelling. More severe side effects, such as scarring, infection, and organ damage, may also occur.
Who Should Avoid Glycolic Acid?
Glycolic Acid, although safe for most people, is not suitable for people with:
1 Rosacea, as glycolic Acid can make redness and discomfort worse
2 Dry skin as it can be too harsh and cause further irritation, dryness and flaking
3 Acne People Who Are Currently Using Other Acne Medications
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